The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy

Renee Hobbs and Paul Mihailidis (Eds)

The definitive international reference on a topic of major and enduring importance

Dynamic, multidisciplinary, and global in scope, media literacy is one of today’s fastest growing fields of applied communications. Media literacy encompasses a truly vast range of issues, including participatory culture, digital learning, civic engagement, the impact of media on children, the sociocultural and political dimensions of literacy education, the role of media in shaping social identity, activism, digital teaching and learning, the role of media in shaping health behavior, the impact of news on society, and adolescent development, to name just a few.

The first of its kind in ambition and scope, The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy provides global coverage of this dynamic and swiftly moving topic. As wide ranging and inclusive as the subject it treats, this two-volume encyclopedia offers a perspective on the past, present and future of media literacy around the world.

  • Defines the vocabulary and key concepts that engendered the field and have shaped its trajectory over the past half-century
  • Co-edited by the foremost scholars in media literacy and features contributions from leading international scholars and practitioners in the field
  • Organized around the major subject areas of media literacy history and theoretical foundations; community, democracy, and policy; identity and health; the news; media effects, children, family, and youth; literacy, technology, and education; digital media and learning

The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy is an indispensable reference for students, teachers, scholars and practitioners of media literacy from a wide range of backgrounds and life experiences. It will also be of value to people in a wide array of professions and academic disciplines, including sociology, media studies, cultural studies, journalism, social media, educational and developmental psychology, and more

ORDER A COPY OF THE TWO-VOLUME SET 

ACCESS THE ONLINE CONTENT: License this reference work

 

Editors-in-Chief

Renee Hobbs is a professor of communication studies and Director of the Media Education Lab at the Harrington School of Communication and Media at the University of Rhode Island. Her research examines the conditions of media literacy education in elementary and secondary schools and she has authored eight books and over 150 scholarly and professional articles. She has offered professional development programs in media literacy on four continents. She is the founding editor of the Journal of Media Literacy Education, an open-access, peer-review journal sponsored by the National Association for Media Literacy Education.

Paul Mihailidis is an associate professor of civic media and journalism in the school of communication at Emerson College in Boston, MA, where he teaches media literacy, civic media, and community activism. He is founding program director of the MA in Media Design, senior fellow of the Emerson Engagement Lab, and faculty chair and director of the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change. He has published widely on the nexus of media, community activism, and civic voices. His work has been featured by the New York Times, the Washington Post, Slate magazine, the Nieman Foundation, USA Today, CNN, and others. He coedits the Journal of Media Literacy Education and sits on the advisory board for iCivics. He earned his PhD from the Phillip Merrill College of Journalism at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Associate Editors

Gianna Cappello is an associate professor at the University of Palermo (Italy) where she teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in digital media sociology and media education. She's cofounder and current president of MED (the Italian Association of Media Education. She is codirector of MED's journal Media Education-Studi, Ricerche e Buone Pratiche. She's cofounder and current vice president of IAME (the International Association of Media Education. Her research addresses issues in critical media theory, sociology of childhood, media literacy education, and digital media sociology.

Maria Ranieri is an associate professor of educational methods and technology. Her main research areas include theory and methodology relating to media and technology in education. She has also worked on educational practices aimed at tackling different forms of intolerance, especially online hate speech and digital discrimination, through the promotion of critical media literacy skills. On these topics she has published several books and articles and coordinated European projects.

Benjamin Thevenin is an assistant professor of media arts at Brigham Young University. His studies focus on the relationships between youth, media and politics, and in particular how we can better prepare young people to become thoughtful citizens, consumers, and creators of media. Thevenin teaches classes on creativity, children's media, new media, and media education. He serves on the Leadership Council of the National Association of Media Literacy Education. Benjamin lives with his wife Emily and three boys in the beautiful Wasatch mountains.

Contributors

Ignacio Aguaded
University of Huelva, Spain
Educommunication

Leopoldo Abad Alcalá
Universidad CEU San Pablo, Spain
Media Literacy among the Elderly

Jinnat Ali
Western Sydney University, Australia
Investigating TPACK as Professional Knowledge for Australian Literacy Teachers

Donna E. Alvermann
University of Georgia, USA
Adolescent Literacy in a Digital World

Irene Andriopoulou
EKOME SA – National Centre of Audiovisual Media & Communication, Greece
Knowledge Structures

Seth Ashley
Boise State University, USA
News Literacies

Erica W. Austin
Washington State University, USA
Media Literacy and Alcohol Abuse Reduction
Media Literacy and Smoking

Robert J. Baron
Austin Peay State University, USA
Digital Literacy
Remix Culture

Valentina Baú
University of New South Wales, Australia
Digital Media and Information Rights

Richard Beach
University of Minnesota, USA
Media Literacy as Contemporary Rhetoric

Tomás Durán Becerra
Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
European Perspectives on Media Literacy

Olga M. Belikov
Brigham Young University, USA
Open Educational Resources

Amy Bellmore
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Trolls/Trolling

Matthias Berg
University of Bremen, Germany
Media Diaries as Pedagogy

Rahul Bhargava
MIT Media Lab, USA
Data Literacy

Ibrar Bhatt
Queen's University Belfast, UK
Curation

Melinda C. Bier
University of Missouri, St. Louis, USA
Media Literacy and Smoking

James Alex Bonus
The Ohio State University, USA
Children's Judgment of Reality and Fantasy

David L. Bruce
University at Buffalo, USA
Reflection
Video Composition in Secondary School

Morgan Brummer
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Trolls/Trolling

Moniek Buijzen
Radboud University, The Netherlands
Children's Understanding of Persuasion

Sahara Byrne
Cornell University, USA
Boomerang Effects

Enrico Calandro
Research ICT Africa, South Africa
Digital Media and Information Rights

Angela Calvin
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Trolls/Trolling

Julie S. Cannon
Cornell University, USA
Boomerang Effects

Gianna Cappello
University of Palermo, Italy
Active Audiences
Critical Theory Applied to Media Literacy
Media Literacy in Italy

Patrick Carmichael
University of Bedfordshire, UK
Computer Labs in Primary and Secondary Education

Andrés Castillo
Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico
Media Literacy in Mexico

Filippo Ceretti
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy
Representation

Maria F. Cervera Gutierrez
Independent scholar, USA
Media Literacy for the 21st Century Teacher

Denise N.J. Chapman
Monash University, Australia
Representation of Ethnicity

Yvonnes Chen
University of Kansas, USA
Resisting Persuasive Intent

C.K. Cheung
University of Hong Kong, China
Media Literacy in China
Media Literacy in Hong Kong

Lana Ciboci
Edward Bernays University College, USA
Preschool Children and Media
Representation of Children and Youths in Media

Jamie Cohen
Molloy College, USA
Web Television

Jonathan S. Comer
Florida International University, USA
Media Literacy, Terrorism, and Fear

Angela Cooke-Jackson
California State University, Los Angeles, USA
Health Literacy

Jayne Cubbage
Bowie State University, USA
Policy Issues in European Media Literacy
Representation of Ethnicity
Representation of Race
University–School Partnerships for Media Literacy

Catherine D'Ignazio
Emerson College, USA
Data Visualization

Ingrid Hu Dahl
Capital One, USA
Media Literacy for the 21st Century Teacher

Nicole Damico
University of Central Florida, USA
Social Networking Skills

Belinha S. De Abreu
Sacred Heart University, USA
Media Literacy in Portugal
Privacy and Surveillance, In and Out of School

Lies De Kimpe
University of Antwerp, Belgium; Ghent University, Belgium
Internet Safety

Agueda Delgado-Ponce
University of Huelva, Spain
Educommunication

Michael Dezuanni
Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Arts Education with iPads
Media Literacy in Australia

Sarah E. Domoff
Central Michigan University, USA; University of Michigan, USA
Mobile Media and Parenting

Emily Drabinski
Long Island University, Brooklyn, USA
Critical Information Literacy

Alexander Fedorov
Rostov State University of Economics, Russia
Media Literacy in Russia

Damiano Felini
University of Parma, Italy
Media Literacy in the Primary Grades

Deborah A. Fields
Utah State University, USA
Understanding Media Literacy and DIY Creativity in Youth Digital Productions

Stephanie A. Flores-Koulish
Loyola University Maryland, USA
Media Literacy in Teacher Education

Michael Forsman
Södertörn University, Sweden
Media Literacy in Sweden
Mediatization

Arielle Friedman
Oranim Academic College of Education, Israel
Media Literacy in Israel

Elizaveta Friesem
Temple University, USA
Stereotyping, Teaching About

Yonty Friesem
Columbia College Chicago, USA
Media Production in Elementary Education
Youth Media

Megan Fromm
Colorado Mesa University, USA
Children and News
Press Freedom for Student Journalists
Student Press

Katherine G. Fry
Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, USA
Documentary Analysis and Production in Media Literacy

Linda M. Gallant
Emerson College, USA
Community Informatics

Roman Gerodimos
Bournemouth University, UK
Global Citizenship

Jason P. Goldston
Austin Peay State University, USA
Entertainment Information

Eric Gordon
Emerson College, USA
Civic Media

Erhardt Graeff
MIT Media Lab, USA
Monitorial Citizenship

Silke Grafe
University of Würzburg, Germany
Media Competence
Media Literacy in Germany

Vanessa E. Greenwood
Montclair State University, USA
Health Media Literacy

Rosanna E. Guadagno
University of Texas, Dallas, USA
Social Media as Media Literacy

Clarice Gualberto
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brasil
Social Semiotics

Manuel Alejandro Guerrero
Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico
Media Literacy in Mexico

Pallavi Guha
Towson University, USA
Representation of Politics

Claudia Haines
Homer Public Library, USA
Apps for Children, Regulatory Issues

Frances Jacobson Harris
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
CIPA/Internet Filtering

Alicia Haywood
Independent scholar
Representation of Ethnicity

Haixia He
Ningxia University, China
Media Literacy Education and Second Language Acquisition

Troy Hicks
Central Michigan University, USA
Hypertext and Hypermedia Writing

Christina Hicks-Goldston
Austin Peay State University, USA
Entertainment Information

Brigitte Hipfl
University of Klagenfurt, Austria
Media Literacy in Austria

Garry Hoban
University of Wollongong, Australia
Media Use in the Science Classroom

Renee Hobbs
University of Rhode Island, USA
Copyright and Fair Use
Media Industry Involvement in Media Literacy
Media Literacy Foundations

Erica Hodgin
University of California, Riverside, USA
Participatory Politics and the Civic Dimensions of Media Literacy

Michael Hoechsmann
Lakehead University, Canada
Media Literacy in Canada

Theo Hug
University of Innsbruck, Austria
Media Activism and Action-Oriented Learning

Gabriella Huggins
Spy Hop Productions, USA
Youth Media with Court-Involved Youth

Mizuko Ito
University of California, Irvine, USA
Connected Learning

Sophie Jehel
Université Paris 8, France
Media Literacy in France

Amy Petersen Jensen
Brigham Young University, USA
Arts Literacies
Performance Media

Hyeon-Seon Jeong
Gyeongin National University of Education, South Korea
Media Literacy in South Korea

Jan Jirák
Metropolitan University Prague and Charles University, Czech Republic
Media Literacy in the Czech Republic

Tessa Jolls
Center for Media Literacy, USA
School Censorship Appropriateness

Yasmin B. Kafai
University of Pennsylvania, USA
Understanding Media Literacy and DIY Creativity in Youth Digital Productions

Igor Kanižaj
University of Zagreb, Croatia
Media Literacy in Croatia

Jill R. Kavanaugh
Boston Children's Hospital, USA
Pediatric Perspectives on Media Literacy

Douglas Kellner
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Awareness
Representation of Class

Ted Kesler
Queens College, CUNY, USA
Critical Pedagogy

Sadia Khan
University of South Carolina, USA
Curation

Amie Kim
Gyeonggi Institute of Education, South Korea
Media Literacy in South Korea

Amanda M. Kimbrough
University of Texas, Dallas, USA
Social Media as Media Literacy

Royce Kimmons
Brigham Young University, USA
Open Educational Resources
Twitter in Education

Heather L. Kirkorian
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Learning from Media

Tibor Koltay
Eszterházy Károly University, Hungary
Amateur—Professional
Media Literacy in Hungary
Visual Literacy

Sirkku Kotilainen
University of Tampere, Finland
Participation through Public Media: Improving Media Literacy among Vulnerable Youth

Gunther Kress
University College London, UK
Social Semiotics

Daniel G. Krutka
University of North Texas, USA
Social Networking Skills

Keval J. Kumar
Mudra Institute of Communications, India
Media Literacy in India

Janis B. Kupersmidt
Innovation Research & Training, USA
Media Literacy and Smoking

Reijo Kupiainen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway; University of Tampere, Finland
Media Literacy in Finland

Danijel Labaš
University of Zagreb, Croatia
Media Addiction among Children and Youths

Patricia G. Lange
California College of the Arts, USA
Informal Learning on YouTube

Diane Lapp
San Diego State University, USA
Meaning-Making

Kristelle Lavallee
Boston Children's Hospital, USA
Pediatric Perspectives on Media Literacy

Geoff Lealand
University of Waikato, New Zealand
Media Literacy in New Zealand

Christopher Leeder
Rutgers University, USA
Digital Divide and Web-Use Skills

Dafna Lemish
Rutgers University, USA
Children and Media as a Discipline

Anastasia Levitskaya
Taganrog Institute of Management and Economics, Russia
Media Literacy in Russia

Rachael Liberman
University of Denver, USA
Self-Objectification

Kristin J. Lieb
Emerson College, USA
Representations of Gender, Sexuality, and Women in Popular Music

Sun Sun Lim
Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Media Literacy in Singapore
Youth Digital Culture

Michelle Linford
EPIK Deliberate Digital, USA
School Censorship Appropriateness

Sonia Livingstone
London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
EU Kids Online

Renae Sze Ming Loh
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Media Literacy in Singapore
Youth Digital Culture

Antonio López
John Cabot University, Italy
Communication
Ecomedia Literacy

Marta Lysik
University of Wroclaw, Poland
Media Literacy in Poland

Juan D. Machin-Mastromatteo
Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Mexico
Participatory Action Research

Adam Maksl
Indiana University Southeast, USA
Digital News

Christina V. Malik
Innovation Research & Training, USA
Role of Entertainment Media in Sexual Socialization

Marie-Louise Mares
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Children's Judgment of Reality and Fantasy

Crystle Martin
El Camino College, USA
Coding as Literacy

Lance E. Mason
Indiana University Kokomo, USA
Media Literacy and Pragmatism
Media Literacy in the Social Studies NCSS

Agustín García Matilla
Universidad de Valladolid, Spain
Media Literacy in Spain

Jody Lynn McBrien
University of South Florida, Sarasota-Manatee, USA
Media Impact on Refugee Children

Kimberly Walsh McDermott
University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Representations of Risky Behaviors

Julian McDougall
Bournemouth University, UK
Media Literacy in England

Siân A. McLean
La Trobe University, Australia; Victoria University, Australia
Critical Processing of Idealized Beauty Images
Media and Eating Disorders

Sara G. McNeil
University of Houston, USA
Digital Storytelling

Kelly Mendoza
Common Sense Education, USA
Family Strategies for Managing Media in the Home
Parent Advocacy Groups

Gustavo S. Mesch
University of Haifa, Israel
Parental Mediation

Scott Alan Metzger
Penn State University, USA
Media Literacy in the Social Studies NCSS

Joshua Meyrowitz
University of New Hampshire, USA
Medium Theory

Ellen Middaugh
San José State University, USA
Media and Adolescent Identity Development

Paul Mihailidis
Emerson College, USA
Civic Activism
Civic Media Literacies

Stefania Milan
University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Emancipatory Communication

Shin Mizukoshi
University of Tokyo, Japan
Media Literacy in Japan

Susan D. Moeller
University of Maryland, USA
Media Literacy and Visual Culture

David Cooper Moore
Independent scholar
Messy Engagement

Gabriel Mugar
Emerson College, USA
Alternative Media
Civic Media

Kyoko Murakami
Hosei University, Japan
Media Literacy and Social Activism

Annamaria Neag
Bournemouth University, UK
Media Literacy in Hungary

Russell Newman
Emerson College, USA
Network Neutrality
Political Economy

Joanna Nurmis
University of Maryland, College Park, USA
Media and Public Engagement with Science

W. Ian O'Byrne
College of Charleston, USA
Acceptable Use Policies

Jennifer L. O'Flynn
Northeastern University, USA
Media and Eating Disorders

Brian O'Neill
Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland
Media Literacy in Ireland

Elaine J. O'Quinn
Appalachian State University, USA
Girl Culture and Their Literacies

Chelsea Olson
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Trolls/Trolling

Suzanna J. Opree
Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Learning about Materialism and Consumer Culture

Leali Osmančević
Catholic University of Croatia, Croatia
Preschool Children and Media

Joris van Ouytsel
University of Texas Medical Branch, USA; University of Antwerp, Belgium
Internet Safety

Joris Van Ouytsel
University of Texas Medical Branch, USA; University of Antwerp, Belgium
Sexting

Rose Pacatte
Pauline Center for Media Studies, USA
Faith-Based Media Literacy Education, History

Luci Pangrazio
Deakin University, Australia
Digital Media in Higher Education

Alberto Parola
University of Turin, Italy
Media Education Research and Creativity

Susan J. Paxton
La Trobe University, Australia
Critical Processing of Idealized Beauty Images

Tina L. Peterson
Rice University, USA
Representation of Nutrition and Food in the Media

Kwame Phillips
John Cabot University, Italy
Representation of Health, Body, (Dis)Ability

Mari Pienimäki
University of Tampere, Finland
Participation through Public Media: Improving Media Literacy among Vulnerable Youth

Joy Pierce
University of Utah, USA
Digital Divide

Bruce E. Pinkleton
Washington State University, USA
Media Literacy and Alcohol Abuse Reduction

Karolien Poels
University of Antwerp, Belgium
Advertising Literacy

Koen Ponnet
Ghent University, Belgium
Advertising Literacy
Internet Safety
Sexting

Joan Ferrés Prats
University Pompeu Fabra, Spain
Media Literacy in Spain

Brian A. Primack
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, USA
Media Literacy and Smoking

Grzegorz Ptaszek
AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
Media Literacy in Poland
Media Literacy Outcomes, Measurement

Jenny S. Radesky
University of Michigan, USA
Mobile Media and Parenting

Srividya Ramasubramanian
Texas A&M University, USA
Media and Ethnic Stereotyping

Holly Randell-Moon
Charles Sturt University, Australia
Celebrity Culture
Stereotype Threat

Maria Ranieri
University of Florence, Italy
Creativity and Media Production in Schools
Literacy, Technology, and Media
Teaching with Media

Isabella Rega
Bournemouth University, UK
Local Public Access Centers

Vítor Reia-Baptista
University of Algarve, Portugal
Access

Mark Reid
British Film Institute, UK
Film Education in Europe

Eva van Reijmersdal
University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Children's Understanding of Persuasion

Felice Resnik
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Trolls/Trolling

Rebecca B. Reynolds
Rutgers University, USA
Digital Divide and Web-Use Skills
Game Design in Media Literacy Education

Colin Rhinesmith
Simmons University, USA
Community Media

Michael Rich
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, USA; Harvard Medical School, USA; Boston Children's Hospital, USA
Pediatric Perspectives on Media Literacy

Judith E. Riddell
Queen's University Belfast, UK
Online Reading

Claudia Riesmeyer
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Germany
Media Access and Activism

Ryan M. Rish
University at Buffalo (SUNY), USA
Representation of Media and Technology in Young Adult Literature

Jessica Roberts
Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Portugal
Citizen Journalism
Social Action and Advocacy

Bernard R. Robin
University of Houston, USA
Digital Storytelling

Rachel F. Rodgers
Northeastern University, USA
Media and Eating Disorders

Esther Rozendaal
Radboud University, The Netherlands
Children's Understanding of Persuasion

Rachel Kaminski Sanders
University of Georgia, USA
Adolescent Literacy in a Digital World

Hagit Sasson
University of Haifa, Israel
Parental Mediation

Denise L. Sauerteig
KQED, USA
Media Literacy for the 21st Century Teacher

Molly Sauter
McGill University, Canada
Denial of Service Action

Erica Scharrer
University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Teaching about Media Violence

Hans C. Schmidt
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Media Literacy in Communication Education

Alexander Schmoelz
University of Vienna, Austria
Creative Works

Tracy M. Scull
Innovation Research & Training, USA
Role of Entertainment Media in Sexual Socialization

Kristin A. Searle
Utah State University, USA
Understanding Media Literacy and DIY Creativity in Youth Digital Productions

Laras Sekarasih
Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Representations of Risky Behaviors

Neil Selwyn
Monash University, Australia
Digital Media in Higher Education

Jeff Share
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Awareness
Representation of Class

Moses Shumow
Florida International University, USA
Mediated Communities

Julie Smith
Webster University, USA
Children and News

Alexandra Sousa
Texas A&M University, USA
Media and Ethnic Stereotyping

Lucie Stastna
Institute of Communication Studies and Journalism, Czech Republic
Family Relationships and Media

Christian J. Swertz
University of Vienna, Austria
Game Media Literacy

Lynde Tan
Western Sydney University, Australia
Investigating TPACK as Professional Knowledge for Australian Literacy Teachers

Javier Tarango
Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Mexico
Participatory Action Research

Mirian Nogueira Tavares
University of Algarve, Portugal
Access

Jeff R. Temple
University of Texas Medical Branch, USA
Sexting

Eamon Tewell
Long Island University, Brooklyn, USA
Critical Information Literacy

Benjamin Thevenin
Brigham Young University, USA
Authorship and Participatory Culture
Media Arts

Vitor Tomé
CIAC—Algarve University, Portugal
Media Literacy in Portugal

José Manuel Pérez Tornero
Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
European Perspectives on Media Literacy

Brit Toven-Lindsey
California State University East Bay, USA
Media Literacy for the 21st Century Teacher

Gerhard Tulodziecki
University of Paderborn, Germany
Media Competence
Media Literacy in Germany

Ornat Turin
Gordon College of Education, Israel
Media Literacy in Israel

Michel Walrave
University of Antwerp, Belgium
Advertising Literacy
Internet Safety
Sexting

Guofang Wan
University of West Florida, USA
Media Literacy Education and 21st Century Teacher Education

Emily Bailin Wells
Columbia University, USA
Hip-Hop Education

Eleanor H. Wertheim
La Trobe University, Australia
Critical Processing of Idealized Beauty Images

Dennis M. West
Brigham Young University, USA
Twitter in Education

Rebekah Willett
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Popular Media on the Playground

Carolyn Wilson
Western University, Canada
Media Literacy in Canada

Thomas DeVere Wolsey
American University in Cairo, Egypt
Meaning-Making

Ashley Woodfall
Bournemouth University, UK
Children's Culture

Michelle S. Woods
University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health, USA
Media Literacy and Smoking

Amanda Wortman
University of California, Irvine, USA
Connected Learning

Yin Wu
Zhejiang University of Media and Communications, China
Media Literacy in China

Ellen Yeh
Columbia College Chicago, USA
Media Literacy Education and 21st Century Teacher Education

Melda N. Yildiz
New York Institute of Technology, USA
Educational Media, History
History of Media Literacy

Jiwon Yoon
Northwest University, USA
Media Literacy in South Korea
Media Literacy with New Immigrants

Sarah Zaidan
Emerson College, USA
Video Games as Education

Arezou Zalipour
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Production in the Pedagogic Project of Media Literacy

Brahim Zarouali
University of Antwerp, Belgium
Advertising Literacy

Marketa Zezulkova
Charles University, Czech Republic
Children's Culture
Media Literacy in the Czech Republic

Michelle Zoss
Georgia State University, USA
Esthetics in Media Literacy